Boundary punishment for blasphemy


Is it permissible to kill those who insult the infallible (a.) without their permission?


Abu Sabah reported that he asked Imam As-Sadiq (a.): “In our environment there is a person who is mocking Ali (a.) when we mention him and his virtue. Will you give me the permission to take action against him?” He said: “So is that what you would have done?” I said: “Yes, by God, if you had given me the permission, I would have followed him. As soon as he would have positioned himself, I would have thrown my sword at him and smashed him until I killed him.” He said: “O Abu Sabah, this is murder, and the Messenger has forbidden murder. O Abu Sabah, Islam has put the murder in shackles, so let him go, because someone else besides you has provided satisfaction.” [Al-Wasa’il of Al-Amili, vol. 29 page 229 – 230]

ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ูŠุนู‚ูˆุจ, ุนู† ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู…, ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡, ุนู† ุงุจู† ู…ุญุจูˆุจ ุนู† ุฑุฌู„ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุงู„ุตุจุงุญ, ู‚ุงู„: ู‚ู„ุช ู„ุงุจูŠ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ุฅู† ู„ู†ุง ุฌุงุฑุง ูู†ุฐูƒุฑ ุนู„ูŠุง ุนู„ูŠู‡ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูˆูุถู„ู‡ ููŠู‚ุน ููŠู‡, ุฃูุชุฃุฐู† ู„ูŠ ููŠู‡ ูู‚ุงู„: ุฃูˆ ูƒู†ุช ูุงุนู„ุง ูู‚ู„ุช: ุฅูŠ ูˆุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ูˆ ุฃุฐู†ุช ู„ูŠ ููŠู‡ ู„ุงุฑุตุฏู†ู‡ ูุงุฐุง ุตุงุฑ ููŠู‡ุง ุงู‚ุชุญู…ุช ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุจุณูŠููŠ ูุฎุจุทุชู‡ ุญุชู‰ ุฃู‚ุชู„ู‡, ูู‚ุงู„: ูŠุง ุฃุจุง ุงู„ุตุจุงุญ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู‚ุชู„ ูˆู‚ุฏ ู†ู‡ู‰ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ุนู† ุงู„ู‚ุชู„ ูŠุง ุฃุจุง ุงู„ุตุจุงุญ ุฅู† ุงู„ุงุณู„ุงู… ู‚ูŠุฏ ุงู„ู‚ุชู„ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุฏุนู‡ ูุณุชูƒูู‰ ุจุบูŠุฑูƒ

Ibn Muskan reported that Imam As-Sadiq (a.) said: “I count on you that if Ali (a.) was insulted in front of your nose and you could eat the nose of his insultor, you would have done it.” I said: “So is it, by God, may my life be sacrificed to you, for that is what the people of my house and i are for.” He said: “But do not do it, by God, it may be that I hear someone insult Ali (a.), and there is nothing between me and him but a pillar behind which I hide. When I have finished my prayer, I walk past him and give him the greeting of peace and shake his hand.” [Al-Mahasin of Al-Barqi, Volume 1 Page 259 – 260]

ุนู†ู‡ุŒ ุนู† ุงู„ู†ุถุฑ ุจู† ุณูˆูŠุฏุŒ ุนู† ูŠุญูŠู‰ ุงู„ุญู„ุจูŠ ุนู† ุงุจู† ู…ุณูƒุงู† ู‚ุงู„ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ูŠ ุฃุจูˆ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ุฅู†ูŠ ู„ุฃุญุณุจูƒ ุฅุฐุง ุดุชู… ุนู„ูŠ ุจูŠู† ูŠุฏูŠูƒ ู„ูˆ ุชุณุชุทูŠุน ุฃู† ุชุฃูƒู„ ุฃู†ู ุดุงุชู…ู‡ ู„ูุนู„ุชุŒ ูู‚ู„ุช: ุฅูŠ ูˆุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฌุนู„ุช ูุฏุงูƒุŒ ุฅู†ูŠ ู„ู‡ูƒุฐุง ูˆุฃู‡ู„ ุจูŠุชูŠุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ูŠ: ูู„ุง ุชูุนู„ุŒ ููˆุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ุฑุจู…ุง ุณู…ุนุช ู…ู† ูŠุดุชู… ุนู„ูŠุง ูˆู…ุง ุจูŠู†ูŠ ูˆุจูŠู†ู‡ ุฅู„ุง ุฃุณุทูˆุงู†ุฉ ูุฃุณุชุชุฑ ุจู‡ุงุŒ ูุฅุฐุง ูุฑุบุช ู…ู† ุตู„ุงุชูŠ ูุฃู…ุฑ ุจู‡ ูุฃุณู„ู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุฃุตุงูุญู‡

Ali Ibn Ibrahim reported that Abu Asim As-Sijistani said: “I accompanied Abdullah Ibn An-Najashi and he held the view of those who split off to Zaid (a.).” Until he said: “He entered Abu Abdillah As-Sadiq (a.) and said: “I killed seven of those whom I heard insulting the Commander of the Believers (a.). Then I questioned Abdullah Ibn Al-Hasan about it and he said: “You will be held accountable for their blood in this world and in the hereafter.” Abu Abdillah (a.) said: “It is up to you to slaughter a goat in the valley of Mina for every man you have killed of them, for you have killed them without the permission of the Imam and if you had killed them with the permission of the Imam, there would be no burden on you in this world or in the hereafter.” [Al-Wasa’il by Al-Amili, Volume 19, Pages 204-205]

ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ูŠุนู‚ูˆุจุŒ ุนู† ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู…ุŒ ุฑูุนู‡ ุนู† ุจุนุถ ุฃุตุญุงุจ ุฃุจูŠ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุฃุธู†ู‡ ุฃุจุง ุนุงุตู… ุงู„ุณุฌุณุชุงู†ูŠ ู‚ุงู„: ุฒุงู…ู„ุช ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงุจู† ุงู„ู†ุฌุงุดูŠ ูˆูƒุงู† ูŠุฑู‰ ุฑุฃู‰ ุงู„ุฒูŠุฏูŠุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู† ู‚ุงู„: ูุฏุฎู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃุจูŠ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูู‚ุงู„: ุฅู†ูŠ ู‚ุชู„ุช ุณุจุนุฉ ู…ู…ู† ุณู…ุนุชู‡ ูŠุดุชู… ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูุณุฃู„ุช ุนู† ุฐู„ูƒ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู† ุงู„ุญุณู† ูู‚ุงู„: ุฃู†ุช ู…ุฃุฎูˆุฐ ุจุฏู…ุงุฆู‡ู… ููŠ ุงู„ุฏู†ูŠุง ูˆุงู„ุขุฎุฑุฉ โ€“ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู† ู‚ุงู„: ูู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ุนู„ูŠูƒ ุจูƒู„ ุฑุฌู„ ู‚ุชู„ุชู‡ ู…ู†ู‡ู… ูƒุจุด ุชุฐุจุญู‡ ุจู…ู†ู‰ ู„ุฃู†ูƒ ู‚ุชู„ุชู‡ู… ุจุฏูˆู† ุฅุฐู† ุงู„ุฅู…ุงู…ุŒ ูˆู„ูˆ ุฃู†ูƒ ู‚ุชู„ุชู‡ู… ุจุงุฐู† ุงู„ุงู…ุงู… ู„ู… ูŠูƒู† ุนู„ูŠูƒ ุดุฆ ููŠ ุงู„ุฏู†ูŠุง ูˆุงู„ุขุฎุฑุฉ

Al-Husain (a.) reported that Imam Ali (a.) said: “There is no lawful judgment and no boundary punishment (Hudud) and no Friday prayer except with an Imam.” [Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il by An-Nuri, vol. 16 page 13]

ุงู„ุฌุนูุฑูŠุงุช ุฃุฎุจุฑู†ุง ู…ุญู…ุฏ, ุญุฏุซู†ูŠ ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุญุฏุซู†ุง ุฃุจูŠ, ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ ุนู† ุฌุฏู‡ ุฌุนูุฑ ุจู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ ุนู† ุฌุฏู‡ ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุงู„ุญุณูŠู† ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ ุนู† ุนู„ูŠ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู‚ุงู„: ู„ุง ูŠุตุญ ุงู„ุญูƒู… ูˆู„ุง ุงู„ุญุฏูˆุฏ ูˆู„ุง ุงู„ุฌู…ุนุฉ ุฅู„ุง ุจุฅู…ุงู…

Abu Abdillah Al-Mufid writes: “Whoever defames the Prophet Muhammad (s.) or one of the Imams (a.) is a apostate from Islam and his blood is to be shed, which is carried out by the Imam of the Muslims. If it comes to the ears of anyone other than the Imam and he rushes forward to his killing out of anger for God, then he has neither blood nor atonement, for he has earned the killing according to what we mentioned, but he would be guilty because he hastened ahead of the authorized one.” [Al-Muqni’, page 743]

ู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ู…ููŠุฏ: ูˆู…ู† ุณุจ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ุฃูˆ ุฃุญุฏุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃุฆู…ุฉ ุนู„ูŠู‡ู… ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูู‡ูˆ ู…ุฑุชุฏ ุนู† ุงู„ุฅุณู„ุงู… ูˆุฏู…ู‡ ู‡ุฏุฑ ูŠุชูˆู„ู‰ ุฐู„ูƒ ู…ู†ู‡ ุฅู…ุงู… ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูŠู† ูุฅู† ุณู…ุนู‡ ู…ู†ู‡ ุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ุฅู…ุงู… ูุจุฏุฑ ุฅู„ู‰ ู‚ุชู„ู‡ ุบุถุจุง ู„ู„ู‡ ู„ู… ูŠูƒู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ ู‚ูˆุฏ ูˆู„ุง ุฏูŠุฉ ู„ุงุณุชุญู‚ุงู‚ู‡ ุงู„ู‚ุชู„ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุง ุฐูƒุฑู†ุงู‡ ู„ูƒู†ู‡ ูŠูƒูˆู† ู…ุฎุทุฆุง ุจุชู‚ุฏู…ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุณู„ุทุงู†

Abu Mansur Al-Hilli writes: “The situation looks like Al-Mufid described it, because there is a boundary punishment (Hadd) and the executor of the boundary punishments (Hudud) is the Imam (a) and the tradition of Abu Asim As-Sijistani proves it.” [Mukhtalif-ush-Shi’ah, Volume 9 Page 452]

ู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ู…ู†ุตูˆุฑ ุงู„ุญู„ูŠ: ูˆุงู„ูˆุฌู‡ ู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ู‡ ุงู„ู…ููŠุฏ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุญุฏ ูˆุงู„ู…ุณุชูˆููŠ ู„ู„ุญุฏูˆุฏ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฅู…ุงู… ูˆุฑูˆุงูŠุฉ ุฃุจูŠ ุนุงุตู… ุงู„ุณุฌุณุชุงู†ูŠ ุฏุงู„ุฉ ุนู„ูŠู‡


The infallible (a.) also forgave those who insulted them

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