Treating parents well [17:23]


“Your Lord has decreed that you should serve Him only, and that your parents should be treated well. If one of them, or both of them, reaches old age with you, do not say to them: “Fie! And do not approach them, but speak kind words to them. And out of mercy lower for them the wing of humility and say: “My Lord, have mercy on them as they raised me when I was little. Your Lord knows better what is inside you. If you are righteous, He is full of forgiveness for those who return again and again.” [Al-Isra’ 17:23-25]

ูˆู‚ุถู‰ ุฑุจูƒ ุฃู„ุง ุชุนุจุฏูˆุง ุฅู„ุง ุฅูŠุงู‡ ูˆุจุงู„ูˆุงู„ุฏูŠู† ุฅุญุณุงู†ุง ุฅู…ุง ูŠุจู„ุบู† ุนู†ุฏูƒ ุงู„ูƒุจุฑ ุฃุญุฏู‡ู…ุง ุฃูˆ ูƒู„ุงู‡ู…ุง ูู„ุง ุชู‚ู„ ู„ู‡ู…ุง ุฃู ูˆู„ุง ุชู†ู‡ุฑู‡ู…ุง ูˆู‚ู„ ู„ู‡ู…ุง ู‚ูˆู„ุง ูƒุฑูŠู…ุง ูˆุงุฎูุถ ู„ู‡ู…ุง ุฌู†ุงุญ ุงู„ุฐู„ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุญู…ุฉ ูˆู‚ู„ ุฑุจ ุงุฑุญู…ู‡ู…ุง ูƒู…ุง ุฑุจูŠุงู†ูŠ ุตุบูŠุฑุง ุฑุจูƒู… ุฃุนู„ู… ุจู…ุง ููŠ ู†ููˆุณูƒู… ุฅู† ุชูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ุตุงู„ุญูŠู† ูุฅู†ู‡ ูƒุงู† ู„ู„ุฃูˆุงุจูŠู† ุบููˆุฑุง


Jabir reported that a man said to Imam As-Sadiq (a.):“I have parents who are among the opponents (mukhalifin).” He said: “Treat them both as kindly as you kindly treat the Muslims who are near (Wilayah) to us.” [Wasa’il-ush-Shi’ah of Al-Amili, Volume 21 Page 490 Hadith 2]

ูˆุนู†ู‡ุŒ ุนู† ุฃุญู…ุฏุŒ ุนู† ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุงู„ุญูƒู…ุŒ ุนู† ุณูŠู ุจู† ุนู…ูŠุฑุฉุŒ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุงู„ุตุจุงุญุŒ ุนู† ุฌุงุจุฑ ู‚ุงู„: ุณู…ุนุช ุฑุฌู„ุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ู„ุฃุจูŠ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ุฅู† ู„ูŠ ุฃุจูˆูŠู† ู…ุฎุงู„ููŠู†ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„: ุจุฑู‡ู…ุง ูƒู…ุง ุชุจุฑ ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูŠู† ู…ู…ู† ูŠุชูˆู„ุงู†ุง

Ali Ar-Rida (a.) reportedย that Imam Ali (a.) said: “Treating parents kindly is a duty, even if both are idolaters. However, there is no obedience to them in disobedience to God, nor to others besides them, for one should not obey any creature in disobedience to the Creator.” [Uyun-ul-Akhbar of As-Saduq, Volume 1, page 132]

ุญุฏุซู†ุง ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ูˆุงุญุฏ ุจู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุนุจุฏูˆุณ ุงู„ู†ูŠุณุงุจูˆุฑูŠ ุงู„ุนุทุงุฑ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ุจู†ูŠุณุงุจูˆุฑ ููŠ ุดุนุจุงู† ุณู†ุฉ ุงุซู†ูŠู† ูˆุฎู…ุณูŠู† ูˆุซู„ุงุซู…ุฃุฉ ู‚ุงู„: ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ู‚ุชูŠุจุฉ ุงู„ู†ูŠุณุงุจูˆุฑูŠ ุนู† ุงู„ูุถู„ ุดุงุฐุงู† ุนู† ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุงู„ุฑุถุง ุนู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุนู† ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„: ูˆุจุฑ ุงู„ูˆุงู„ุฏูŠู† ูˆุงุฌุจ ูˆุฅู† ูƒุงู†ุง ู…ุดุฑูƒูŠู† ูˆู„ุง ุทุงุนุฉ ู„ู‡ู…ุง ููŠ ู…ุนุตูŠุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ูˆู„ุง ู„ุบูŠุฑู‡ู…ุง ูุฅู†ู‡ ู„ุง ุทุงุนุฉ ู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ููŠ ู…ุนุตูŠุฉ ุงู„ุฎุงู„ู‚

Mu’awiyah Ibn Wahb reported that Zakariyya Ibn Ibrahim said: “I was a Nazarene and became a Muslim. Then I made a pilgrimage and came in to Ja’far As-Sadiq (a.) and spoke: I was a Nazarene and became a Muslim. He said: “With what did you find Islam?” I said: “The verse: You did not know before of the Book and the Faith, and yet We have made it a light with which We guide whom of Our servants We will.”(42:52) He said: “God, guided you rightly. And he said three times: God, guide him in the right way. Ask what you want, O my son!” I said: My parents and the people of my house are Nazarenesย and my mother is blind. May I be with them and eat in their dishes? And he said: “Do they eat pork?” I said: “No, they do not touch it”: He said: “Then there is no problem. Look after your mother and treat her kindly. If she dies, do not leave her to anyone else and be the one to take care of her business. Do not tell anyone that you visited me until you meet me in Mina, God willing.” Then I met him in Mina, with people standing around him as if he were the teacher of children. This one asked him a question and that one asked him a question.When I came to Kufa, I was kind to my mother. I used to feed her, wash her clothes and head and serve her. So she said to me: “O my son, when you belonged to my religion, you did not treat me this way. What is this behavior that I find in you since you emigrated and were purified (Hanif)?” And I said: “A man of the descendants of our prophet has given me these commandments.” She said: “Is this man a prophet?” I said: No, but he is the son of a prophet.” She said: “O my son! this is a prophet, these are the commandments of the prophets.”I said: O my mother! after our prophet no one is a prophet, but he is his son. She said: “O my son! you are the best of believers, reveal it to me.” Then I revealed him to her and she became a Muslim. I gave her my knowledge and she prayed for noon, afternoon, evening and last in the night. Then something showed up with her in the night and she said: “O my son, repeat to me what you have taught me of your knowledge. So I repeated it for her as she confessed and died. When I woke up the next day, the Muslims were the ones who did their washing (Ghusl) and I was the one who prayed for her and descended into her grave.”[Al-Kafi von Al-Kulaini, Band 2 Seite 160 โ€“ 161 Hadith 11]

ุนุฏุฉ ู…ู† ุฃุตุญุงุจู†ุงุŒ ุนู† ุฃุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุฎุงู„ุฏุŒ ุนู† ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุงู„ุญูƒู…ุŒ ุนู† ู…ุนุงูˆูŠุฉ ุงุจู† ูˆู‡ุจุŒ ุนู† ุฒูƒุฑูŠุง ุจู† ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ู‚ุงู„: ูƒู†ุช ู†ุตุฑุงู†ูŠุง ูุฃุณู„ู…ุช ูˆุญุฌุฌุช ูุฏุฎู„ุช. ุนู„ู‰ ุฃุจูŠ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูู‚ู„ุช: ุฅู†ูŠ ูƒู†ุช ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ุตุฑุงู†ูŠุฉ ูˆุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุณู„ู…ุชุŒ ูู‚ุงู„: ูˆุฃูŠ ุดุฆ ุฑุฃูŠุช ููŠ ุงู„ุงุณู„ุงู…ุŸ ู‚ู„ุช: ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„: ู…ุง ูƒู†ุช ุชุฏุฑูŠ ู…ุง ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ ูˆู„ุง ุงู„ุงูŠู…ุงู† ูˆู„ูƒู† ุฌุนู„ู†ุงู‡ ู†ูˆุฑุง ู†ู‡ุฏู‰ ุจู‡ ู…ู† ู†ุดุงุก ูู‚ุงู„: ู„ู‚ุฏ ู‡ุฏุงูƒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ุซู… ู‚ุงู„: ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุงู‡ุฏู‡ ุซู„ุงุซุง ุณู„ ุนู…ุง ุดุฆุช ูŠุง ุจู†ูŠ ูู‚ู„ุช: ุฅู† ุฃุจูŠ ูˆุฃู…ูŠ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ุตุฑุงู†ูŠุฉ ูˆุฃู‡ู„ ุจูŠุชูŠุŒ ูˆุฃู…ูŠ ู…ูƒููˆูุฉ ุงู„ุจุตุฑ ูุฃูƒูˆู† ู…ุนู‡ู… ูˆุขูƒู„ ููŠ ุขู†ูŠุชู‡ู…ุŸ ูู‚ุงู„ ูŠุฃูƒู„ูˆู† ู„ุญู… ุงู„ุฎู†ุฒูŠุฑุŸ ูู‚ู„ุช: ู„ุง ูˆู„ุง ูŠู…ุณูˆู†ู‡ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„: ู„ุง ุจุฃุณ ูุงู†ุธุฑ ุฃู…ูƒ ูุจุฑู‡ุงุŒ ูุฅุฐุง ู…ุงุชุช ูู„ุง ุชูƒู„ู‡ุง ุฅู„ู‰ ุบูŠุฑูƒุŒ ูƒู† ุฃู†ุช ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุชู‚ูˆู… ุจุดุฃู†ู‡ุง ูˆู„ุง ุชุฎุจุฑู† ุฃุญุฏุง ุฃู†ูƒ ุฃุชูŠุชู†ูŠ ุญุชู‰ ุชุฃุชูŠู†ูŠ ุจู…ู†ู‰ ุฅู† ุดุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‚ุงู„: ูุฃุชูŠุชู‡ ุจู…ู†ู‰ ูˆุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุญูˆู„ู‡ ูƒุฃู†ู‡ ู…ุนู„ู… ุตุจูŠุงู† ู‡ุฐุง ูŠุณุฃู„ู‡ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ูŠุณุฃู„ู‡ุŒ ูู„ู…ุง ู‚ุฏู…ุช ุงู„ูƒูˆูุฉ ุฃู„ุทูุช ู„ุฃู…ูŠ ูˆูƒู†ุช ุฃุทุนู…ู‡ุง ูˆุฃูู„ูŠ ุซูˆุจู‡ุง ูˆุฑุฃุณู‡ุง ูˆ ุฃุฎุฏู…ู‡ุง ูู‚ุงู„ุช ู„ูŠ: ูŠุง ุจู†ูŠ ู…ุง ูƒู†ุช ุชุตู†ุน ุจูŠ ู‡ุฐุง ูˆุฃู†ุช ุนู„ู‰ ุฏูŠู†ูŠ ูู…ุง ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฃุฑู‰ ุนู†ูƒ ู…ู†ุฐ ู‡ุงุฌุฑุช ูุฏุฎู„ุช ููŠ ุงู„ุญู†ูŠููŠุฉุŸ ูู‚ู„ุช: ุฑุฌู„ ู…ู† ูˆู„ุฏ ู†ุจูŠู†ุง ุฃู…ุฑู†ูŠ ุจู‡ุฐุงุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ุช: ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฑุฌู„ ู‡ูˆ ู†ุจูŠุŸ ูู‚ู„ุช: ู„ุง ูˆู„ูƒู†ู‡ ุงุจู† ู†ุจูŠุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ุช: ูŠุง ุจู†ูŠ ุฅู† ู‡ุฐุง ู†ุจูŠ ุฅู† ู‡ุฐู‡ ูˆุตุงูŠุง ุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุกุŒ ูู‚ู„ุช: ูŠุง ุฃู…ู‡ ุฅู†ู‡ ู„ูŠุณ ูŠูƒูˆู† ุจุนุฏ ู†ุจูŠู†ุง ู†ุจูŠ ูˆู„ูƒู†ู‡ ุงุจู†ู‡ ูู‚ุงู„ุช: ูŠุง ุจู†ูŠ ุฏูŠู†ูƒ ุฎูŠุฑ ุฏูŠู†ุŒ ุงุนุฑุถู‡ ุนู„ูŠ ูุนุฑุถุชู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ูุฏุฎู„ุช ููŠ ุงู„ุงุณู„ุงู… ูˆุนู„ู…ุชู‡ุงุŒ ูุตู„ุช ุงู„ุธู‡ุฑ ูˆุงู„ุนุตุฑ ูˆุงู„ู…ุบุฑุจ ูˆุงู„ุนุดุงุก ุงู„ุขุฎุฑุฉุŒ ุซู… ุนุฑุถ ู„ู‡ุง ุนุงุฑุถ ููŠ ุงู„ู„ูŠู„ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ุช: ูŠุง ุจู†ูŠ ุฃุนุฏ ุนู„ูŠ ู…ุง ุนู„ู…ุชู†ูŠ ูุฃุนุฏุชู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุงุŒ ูุฃู‚ุฑุช ุจู‡ ูˆู…ุงุชุชุŒ ูู„ู…ุง ุฃุตุจุญุช ูƒุงู† ุงู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูˆู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุบุณู„ูˆู‡ุง ูˆูƒู†ุช ุฃู†ุง ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุตู„ูŠุช ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ูˆู†ุฒู„ุช ููŠ ู‚ุจุฑู‡ุง

Abu Ja’far reported that Imam Ar-Rida (a.) said: “The one who loves his people, even if they are unbelievers, is not to be blamed.” [Mustatrafat-us-Sara’ir of Abu Abdillah Al-Hilli, page 576]

ุนู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุฅุฏุฑูŠุณ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุฌุนูุฑ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุงู„ุญุณู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู‚ุงู„ ู„ุง ู„ูˆู… ุนู„ู‰ ู…ู† ุฃุญุจ ู‚ูˆู…ู‡ ูˆุฅู† ูƒุงู†ูˆุง ูƒูุงุฑุง

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