Donkey as a narrator?

First question:

Some innovators claim that there is a donkey in the chain of transmission in Volume 1 of Al Kafi on page 237. Does this claim conform with the reality?


The donkey is not in the chain of the transmission (ุฅุณู†ุงุฏ), but in the content (ู…ุชู†).

Muhammad Ibn Ya’qub reported, that Imam Ali (a.) said: ,,Prophet Muhammad (s.) spoke to the donkey and he said: ๏ดพMy father and mother be sacrificed to you! My father narrated to me about his father, who narrated about his grandfather, that his father was with Noah (a.) on the ark. Then Noah (a.) went to him and stroked his back. Then he said: ,,From the loins of this donkey will come forth a donkey, on which the chief and the seal of the prophets will ride upon.” And praise be to God for making me that donkey.๏ดฟ” ย Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi writes: ,,Interrupted (Mursal).” [Al-Kafi of Al-Kulaini, volume 1 page 237; Mir’at-ul-Uqul of Al-Majlisi, volume 3 page 48]

ุนู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ูŠุนู‚ูˆุจ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‚ุงู„: ูˆุฑูˆูŠ ุฃู† ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู‚ุงู„: ุฅู† ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุญู…ุงุฑ ูƒู„ู… ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูู‚ุงู„: ุจุฃุจูŠ ุฃู†ุช ูˆุฃู…ูŠ ุฅู† ุฃุจูŠ ุญุฏุซู†ูŠุŒ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ุŒ ุนู† ุฌุฏู‡ุŒ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ ุฃู†ู‡ ูƒุงู† ู…ุน ู†ูˆุญ ููŠ ุงู„ุณููŠู†ุฉ ูู‚ุงู… ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ู†ูˆุญ ูู…ุณุญ ุนู„ู‰ ูƒูู„ู‡ ุซู… ู‚ุงู„: ูŠุฎุฑุฌ ู…ู† ุตู„ุจ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุญู…ุงุฑ ุญู…ุงุฑ ูŠุฑูƒุจู‡ ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† ูˆุฎุงุชู…ู‡ู…ุŒ ูุงู„ุญู…ุฏ ู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฌุนู„ู†ูŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุญู…ุงุฑ

Aban Ibn Uthman reported that Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (a.) said: ,,The first, living being on the earth, who died was his donkey Al-Ya’fur. He died at the hour when the Prophet Muhammad (s.) left this world. He tore his neck band and ran around until he came to the Well of the Sons of Hutamah and he threw himself into it and it became his tomb. Prophet Muhammad (s.) spoke to Al-Ya’fur and he said: ๏ดพMy father and mother be sacrificed to you! My father narrated to me about his father, who narrated about his grandfather that his father was on the ark with Noah (a.). Then one day Noah (a.) looked at him and stroked his face with his hand. Then he said: ๏ดพFrom the loins of this donkey will come forth a donkey, on which the chief and the seal of the prophets will ride upon.๏ดฟ Praise be to God, that he made me that donkey.๏ดฟย [Ilal-ush-Shara’i from As-Saduq, Volume 1 Page 167]

ุญุฏุซู†ุง ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุนู„ูŠ ู…ุงุฌูŠู„ูˆูŠู‡ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„: ุญุฏุซู†ุง ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ูŠุญูŠู‰ ุงู„ุนุทุงุฑ ู‚ุงู„: ุญุฏุซู†ุง ุณู‡ู„ ุจู† ุฒูŠุงุฏ ุงู„ุขุฏู…ูŠ ู‚ุงู„: ุญุฏุซู†ุง ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุงู„ูˆู„ูŠุฏ ุงู„ุตูŠุฑููŠุŒ ุนู† ุฃุจุงู† ุจู† ุนุซู…ุงู†ุŒ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„: ย ุงู† ุฃูˆู„ ุดูŠุก ู…ุงุช ู…ู† ุงู„ุฏูˆุงุจ ุญู…ุงุฑู‡ ุงู„ูŠุนููˆุฑ ุชูˆููŠ ุณุงุนุฉ ู‚ุจุถ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ู‚ุทุน ุฎุทุงู…ู‡ุŒ ุซู… ู…ุฑ ูŠุฑูƒุถ ุญุชู‰ ูˆุงูู‰ ุจุฆุฑ ุจู†ู‰ ุญุทู…ู‡ ุจู‚ุจุง ูุฑู…ู‰ ุจู†ูุณู‡ ููŠู‡ุง ููƒุงู†ุช ู‚ุจุฑู‡ ุซู… ู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ุงู† ูŠุนููˆุฑ ูƒู„ู… ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูู‚ุงู„: ุจุฃุจูŠ ุฃู†ุช ูˆุฃู…ูŠ ุงู† ุฃุจูŠ ุญุฏุซู†ูŠ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ ุนู† ุฌุฏู‡: ุงู†ู‡ ูƒุงู† ู…ุน ู†ูˆุญ ููŠ ุงู„ุณููŠู†ุฉ ูู†ุธุฑ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ูŠูˆู…ุง ู†ูˆุญ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูˆู…ุณุญ ูŠุฏู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ูˆุฌู‡ู‡ุŒ ุซู… ู‚ุงู„: ูŠุฎุฑุฌ ู…ู† ุตู„ุจ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุญู…ุงุฑ ุญู…ุงุฑ ูŠุฑูƒุจู‡ ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† ูˆุฎุงุชู…ู‡ู… ูˆุงู„ุญู…ุฏ ู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฌุนู„ู†ูŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุญู…ุงุฑ

Some may wonder how there can be so few fathers among the donkeys or how it can be that a living being lives so long. There are several aspects that can be considered for this.

[1.] Ancestors are called as fathers:

,,I followed the faith of my fathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. We must not associate anything with God. That is something of the benevolence of God to us and to the people. But most people are not grateful.” [Yusuf 12:38]

ูˆุงุชุจุนุช ู…ู„ุฉ ุขุจุงุฆูŠ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ูˆุฅุณุญุงู‚ ูˆูŠุนู‚ูˆุจ ู…ุง ูƒุงู† ู„ู†ุง ุฃู† ู†ุดุฑูƒ ุจุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุดูŠุก ุฐู„ูƒ ู…ู† ูุถู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู†ุง ูˆุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุฃูƒุซุฑ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ู„ุง ูŠุดูƒุฑูˆู†

[2.] The lifespans were prolonged:

,,And We sent Noah to his people. He dwelt among them a thousand years minus fifty. Then the flood seized them, while they were doing wrong.” [Al-Ankabut 29:14]

ูˆู„ู‚ุฏ ุฃุฑุณู„ู†ุง ู†ูˆุญุง ุฅู„ู‰ ู‚ูˆู…ู‡ ูู„ุจุซ ููŠู‡ู… ุฃู„ู ุณู†ุฉ ุฅู„ุง ุฎู…ุณูŠู† ุนุงู…ุง ูุฃุฎุฐู‡ู… ุงู„ุทูˆูุงู† ูˆู‡ู… ุธุงู„ู…ูˆู†

As for the followers of Umar, they narrate from sixty donkeys.


Abu Nu’aim reported that Mu’adh Ibn Jabal said: ,,Prophet Muhammad (s.) came to a black donkey in Khaibar and said: ๏ดพWho are you?๏ดฟ The donkey said:ย ๏ดพI am Amr, Ibn Fulan. We were of three brothers. Prophets rode on all of us. I am the youngest of them and you are in possession of me. I belonged to one of the Jews and I used to, when I was thinking of you, throw him down, whereupon he beat me.๏ดฟ Prophet Muhammad said: ,,You are Ya’fur!” [Al-Khasa’is-ul-Kubra from Jalal-ud-Din As-Suyuti, Volume 2 Page 100]

ูˆุฃุฎุฑุฌ ุฃุจูˆ ู†ุนูŠู… ุนู† ู…ุนุงุฐ ุจู† ุฌุจู„ ู‚ุงู„ ุฃุชู‰ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูˆู‡ูˆ ุจุฎูŠุจุฑ ุญู…ุงุฑ ุฃุณูˆุฏ ูู‚ุงู„ ู…ู† ุฃู†ุช ู‚ุงู„ ุฃู†ุง ุนู…ุฑูˆ ุจู† ูู„ุงู† ูƒู†ุง ุซู„ุงุซุฉ ุฃุฎูˆุฉ ูƒู„ู†ุง ุฑูƒุจู†ุง ุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุก ุฃู†ุง ุฃุตุบุฑู‡ู… ูˆูƒู†ุช ู„ูƒ ูู…ู„ูƒู†ูŠ ุฑุฌู„ ู…ู† ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏ ููƒู†ุช ุฅุฐุง ุฐูƒุฑุชูƒ ูƒุจุฃุช ุจู‡ ููŠูˆุฌุนู†ูŠ ุถุฑุจุง ูู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃู†ุช ูŠุนููˆุฑ

Abu Abd Ar-Rahman As-Sulami reported that Abu Manzur said:ย ,,When God made His Prophet (s.) victorious in Khaibar, he received as his share of the spoils of war four sheep, four goats, ten pots of gold and silver and a black and emaciated donkey. The Messenger of God (s.) spoke to him and said: ๏ดพWhat is your name?๏ดฟ The donkey said: ๏ดพYazid Ibn Shihab. God brought forth from the loins of my grandfather sixty donkeys and only prophets rode on them. None of the descendants of my grandfather remained except me and none of the prophets remained except you and I expect you, to ride on me. Before you I belonged to a Jew, whom I caused to stumble and fall down frequently. Therefore, he used to kick me in my belly and hit my back.๏ดฟ The Messenger of God (s.) said: ๏ดพI will call you Ya’fur, O Ya’fur.๏ดฟ The donkey said: ๏ดพI obey you.๏ดฟ Then the Messenger (s.) said: ๏ดพDo you like the female donkeys? ๏ดฟ Ya’fur said: ๏ดพNo.๏ดฟ Therefore, the Messenger (s.) rode on the donkey to go about his business and when he dismounted from the donkey, he sent him to the house of the person he wanted to visit and Ya’fur knocked on the door with his head. When the householder answered the door, the donkey signaled that the person should go to see the Prophet (s.). When the Messenger (s.) died, the donkey went to a well belonging to Abu l-Haitham ibn Nabahan and threw himself into the well, which became his grave, in grief over the death of the Prophet (s.).” Isma’il Ibn Umar Ibn Kathir writes: ,,Several great scholars rejected it.” [Al-Bidayah Wa An-Nihayah by Ibn Kathir, Volume 6 Page 166 – 167]

ูู‚ุงู„ ุฃุจูˆ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู† ุญุงู…ุฏ: ุฃุฎุจุฑู†ุง ุฃุจูˆ ุงู„ุญุณู† ุฃุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุญู…ุฏุงู† ุงู„ุณุญุฑ ูƒูŠ, ุญุฏุซู†ุง ุนู…ุฑ ุจู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุจุฌูŠุฑ, ุญุฏุซู†ุง ุฃุจูˆ ุฌุนูุฑ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ูŠุฒูŠุฏ โ€“ ุฅู…ู„ุงุก -, ุฃู†ุง ุฃุจูˆ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุนู‚ุจุฉ ุจู† ุฃุจูŠ ุงู„ุตู‡ุจุงุก, ุญุฏุซู†ุง ุฃุจูˆ ุญุฐูŠูุฉ ุนู† ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู† ุญุจูŠุจ ุงู„ู‡ุฐู„ูŠ, ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุงู„ุณู„ู…ูŠ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ู…ู†ุธูˆุฑ ู‚ุงู„: ู„ู…ุง ูุชุญ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ู†ุจูŠู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฎูŠุจุฑ ุฃุตุงุจู‡ ู…ู† ุณู‡ู…ู‡ ุฃุฑุจุนุฉ ุฃุฒูˆุงุฌ ุจุบุงู„ ูˆุฃุฑุจุนุฉ ุฃุฒูˆุงุฌ ุฎูุงู, ูˆุนุดุฑ ุงูˆุงู‚ ุฐู‡ุจ ูˆูุถุฉ, ูˆุญู…ุงุฑ ุฃุณูˆุฏ, ูˆู…ูƒุชู„, ู‚ุงู„: ููƒู„ู… ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุงู„ุญู…ุงุฑ ููƒู„ู…ู‡ ุงู„ุญู…ุงุฑ, ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡: ู…ุง ุงุณู…ูƒ, ู‚ุงู„: ูŠุฒูŠุฏ ุจู† ุดู‡ุงุจ, ุฃุฎุฑุฌ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ู†ุณู„ ุฌุฏูŠ ุณุชูŠู† ุญู…ุงุฑุง ูƒู„ู‡ู… โ€‹โ€‹ู„ู… ูŠุฑูƒุจู‡ู… ุฅู„ุง ู†ุจูŠ, ู„ู… ูŠุจู‚ ู…ู† ู†ุณู„ ุฌุฏูŠ ุบูŠุฑูŠ, ูˆู„ุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุงู†ุจูŠุงุก ุบูŠุฑูƒ, ูˆู‚ุฏ ูƒู†ุช ุฃุชูˆู‚ุนูƒ ุฃู† ุชุฑูƒุจู†ูŠ, ู‚ุฏ ูƒู†ุช ู‚ุจู„ูƒ ู„ุฑุฌู„ ูŠู‡ูˆุฏูŠ, ูˆูƒู†ุช ุฃุนุซุฑ ุจู‡ ุนู…ุฏุง, ูˆูƒุงู† ูŠุฌูŠุน ุจุทู†ูŠ ูˆูŠุถุฑุจ ุธู‡ุฑูŠ, ูู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…: ุณู…ูŠุชูƒ ูŠุนููˆุฑ, ูŠุง ูŠุนููˆุฑ, ู‚ุงู„: ู„ุจูŠูƒ, ู‚ุงู„: ุชุดุชู‡ูŠ ุงู„ุงู†ุงุซุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ู„ุง, ููƒุงู† ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠุฑูƒุจู‡ ู„ุญุงุฌุชู‡, ูุฅุฐุง ู†ุฒู„ ุนู†ู‡ ุจุนุซ ุจู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุจุงุจ ุงู„ุฑุฌู„ ููŠุฃุชูŠ ุงู„ุจุงุจ ููŠู‚ุฑุนู‡ ุจุฑุฃุณู‡ ูุฅุฐุง ุฎุฑุฌ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ุตุงุญุจ ุงู„ุฏุงุฑ ุฃูˆู…ุฃ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ุฃู† ุฃุฌุจ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…, ูู„ู…ุง ู‚ุจุถ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฌุงุก ุฅู„ู‰ ุจุฆุฑ ูƒุงู† ู„ุงุจูŠ ุงู„ู‡ูŠุซู… ุจู† ุงู„ู†ุจู‡ุงู† ูุชุฑุฏู‰ ููŠู‡ุง ูุตุงุฑุช ู‚ุจุฑู‡ ุฌุฒุนุง ู…ู†ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู….ย ู‚ุงู„ ุฅุณู…ุงุนูŠู„ ุจู† ุนู…ุฑ ุจู† ูƒุซูŠุฑ: ุญุฏูŠุซ ุงู„ุญู…ุงุฑ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฃู†ูƒุฑู‡ ุบูŠุฑ ูˆุงุญุฏ ู…ู† ุงู„ุญูุงุธ ุงู„ูƒุจุงุฑ

Husain reported that Amr Ibn Maimun said: ,,At the time of ignorance, I saw a female monkey around whom other monkeys were gathered. It committed fornication and so they stoned it and I also stoned it along with them.” [Sahih-ul-Bukhari, Hadith 3636]

ุญุฏุซู†ุง ู†ุนูŠู… ุจู† ุญู…ุงุฏ ุญุฏุซู†ุง ู‡ุดูŠู… ุนู† ุญุตูŠู† ุนู† ุนู…ุฑูˆ ุจู† ู…ูŠู…ูˆู† ู‚ุงู„: ุฑุฃูŠุช ููŠ ุงู„ุฌุงู‡ู„ูŠุฉ ู‚ุฑุฏุฉ ุงุฌุชู…ุน ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ู‚ุฑุฏุฉ ู‚ุฏ ุฒู†ุช ูุฑุฌู…ูˆู‡ุง ูุฑุฌู…ุชู‡ุง ู…ุนู‡ู…

Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet Muhammad (s.) said: ,,A shepherd was in the midst of his sheep when a wolf ran to him and took a sheep from them. When the shepherd demanded it, the wolf turned to him and said: ๏ดพWho will it have on the day of the predators? On the day, when it will have no shepherd but me?๏ดฟ As a man rode a cow, with a burden loaded on it, it turned to him and said to him:๏ดพI was not created for this. Rather, I was created for plowing the field.๏ดฟ” The people said: ,,Praise be to God.” The Messenger (s.) of God said: ,,I believe in it and so do Abu Bakr and Umar.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 3463]

ุญุฏุซู†ุง ุฃุจูˆ ุงู„ูŠู…ุงู† ุฃุฎุจุฑู†ุง ุดุนูŠุจ ุนู† ุงู„ุฒู‡ุฑูŠ ู‚ุงู„ ุฃุฎุจุฑู†ูŠ ุฃุจูˆ ุณู„ู…ุฉ ุจู† ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุจู† ุนูˆู ุฃู† ุฃุจุง ู‡ุฑูŠุฑุฉ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ ุณู…ุนุช ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠู‚ูˆู„: ุจูŠู†ู…ุง ุฑุงุน ููŠ ุบู†ู…ู‡ ุนุฏุง ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุฐุฆุจ ูุฃุฎุฐ ู…ู†ู‡ุง ุดุงุฉ ูุทู„ุจู‡ ุงู„ุฑุงุนูŠ ูุงู„ุชูุช ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุฐุฆุจ ูู‚ุงู„ ู…ู† ู„ู‡ุง ูŠูˆู… ุงู„ุณุจุน ูŠูˆู… ู„ูŠุณ ู„ู‡ุง ุฑุงุน ุบูŠุฑูŠ ูˆุจูŠู†ู…ุง ุฑุฌู„ ูŠุณูˆู‚ ุจู‚ุฑุฉ ู‚ุฏ ุญู…ู„ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ูุงู„ุชูุชุช ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ููƒู„ู…ุชู‡ ูู‚ุงู„ุช ุฅู†ูŠ ู„ู… ุฃุฎู„ู‚ ู„ู‡ุฐุง ูˆู„ูƒู†ูŠ ุฎู„ู‚ุช ู„ู„ุญุฑุซ ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุณุจุญุงู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูุฅู†ูŠ ุฃูˆู…ู† ุจุฐู„ูƒ ูˆุฃุจูˆ ุจูƒุฑ ูˆุนู…ุฑ

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