Origin of the handshake

Question:

To which person does the custom of shaking hands stem?

Answer:

Muhammad Ibn Jafar At-Taimi reported that Imam As-Sadiq (a.) said: “When Abraham, the confidant of the Beneficent God (a.), was on the mountain of Jerusalem looking for a pasture for his sheep, he heard a voice coming from a man standing in prayer, who was the size of twelve spans. Then he said to him:ย “O servant of God, whom do you worship?” He answered: “The Lord God of the heavens.” Abraham (a.) asked him: “Is there anyone left of your people besides you?” He answered: “No.” He asked: “Where do you eat from?” He answered: “In summer i pick from this tree, and in winter i eat it.” He said: “Where is your home?” He pointed to a mountain. Then Abraham (a.) asked him: “Will you allow me to come with you and spend the night with you?” He answered: “Before me lies a body of water in which you will not sink.” He said: “How do you do that?” He said: “I walk on it.” He said: “Then take me with you, for it may be that God will provide me with what He provides you with.” Then he took the hand of the servant and they walked together until they reached the water and he ran and also Abraham (a.) ran with him until they arrived at his residence. Abraham (a.) asked him: “Which of the days is the most powerful?” He replied: “The day of the Last Judgment, a day on which complaints will be filed against men among themselves.” He asked: “Would you allow that you raise your hand and i raise mine, that we may call upon God to save us from the evil of that day?” He answered: “But what are you doing with my invocation, because by God, i made an invocation three years ago, but i was not heard a bit in it.” Abraham (a.) said to him: “Shall i not first tell you why your invocation was postponed?” He answered: “Yes.” He said to him: “If God loved a servant, He postpones His invocation, so that He might turn to Him in secret and ask and invoke Him, but if He hated a servant, He dealt quickly with His invocation, or threw hopelessness at it in His heart.” Then he (as) asked him: “What was your invocation?” He said: “One day a sheep passed by me with a curly-haired boy in its company. Then i said: “O boy, who is the owner of this sheep?” He said: “It belongs to Abraham, the confidant of the Beneficent God.” i said: “God, if you have a confidant on earth, show him to me!” Abraham (a.) said to him: “God has heard you, for i am Abraham, the confidant of the merciful one!” Then he took him in his arm and the shaking of the hand came at a time when God sent Muhammad (s.).” [Bihar-ul-Anwar of Al-Majlisi, Volume 76 Page 19 – 20 Hadith 1]

ุนู† ุงู„ุตุฏูˆู‚ ุนู† ู…ุงุฌูŠู„ูˆูŠู‡ ุนู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุงู„ุนุทุงุฑ ุนู† ุงู„ุฃุดุนุฑูŠ ุนู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุนู…ุฑุงู† ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ ุนู…ุฑุงู† ุจู† ุฅุณู…ุงุนูŠู„ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุนู„ูŠ ุงู„ุฃู†ุตุงุฑูŠ ุนู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุฌุนูุฑ ุงู„ุชู…ูŠู…ูŠ ู‚ุงู„: ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุตุงุฏู‚ ุฌุนูุฑ ุจู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ุจูŠู†ุง ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุฎู„ูŠู„ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ููŠ ุฌุจู„ ุจูŠุช ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุณ ูŠุทู„ุจ ู…ุฑุนู‰ ู„ุบู†ู…ู‡ ุฅุฐ ุณู…ุน ุตูˆุชุงุŒ ูุฅุฐุง ู‡ูˆ ุจุฑุฌู„ ู‚ุงุฆู… ูŠุตู„ูŠุŒ ุทูˆู„ู‡ ุงุซู†ุง ุนุดุฑ ุดุจุฑุงุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡: ูŠุง ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ู…ู† ุชุตู„ูŠุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ู„ุงู„ู‡ ุงู„ุณู…ุงุกุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู‡ู„ ุจู‚ูŠ ุฃุญุฏ ู…ู† ู‚ูˆู…ูƒ ุบูŠุฑูƒุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ู„ุงุŒ ู‚ุงู„: ูู…ู† ุฃูŠู† ุชุฃูƒู„ุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ุฃุฌุชู†ูŠ ู…ู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุดุฌุฑ ููŠ ุงู„ุตูŠู ูˆุขูƒู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุดุชุงุก ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡: ูุฃูŠู† ู…ู†ุฒู„ูƒุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ูุฃูˆู…ุฃ ุจูŠุฏู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฌุจู„ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู‡ู„ ู„ูƒ ุฃู† ุชุฐู‡ุจ ุจูŠ ู…ุนูƒ ูุฃุจูŠุช ุนู†ุฏูƒ ุงู„ู„ูŠู„ุฉุŸ ูู‚ุงู„: ุฅู† ู‚ุฏุงู…ูŠ ู…ุงุก ู„ุง ูŠุฎุงุถุŒ ู‚ุงู„: ูƒูŠู ุชุตู†ุนุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ุฃู…ุดูŠ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุŒ ู‚ุงู„: ูุงุฐู‡ุจ ุจูŠ ู…ุนูƒ ูู„ุนู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃู† ูŠุฑุฒู‚ู†ูŠ ู…ุง ุฑุฒู‚ูƒุŒ ู‚ุงู„: ูุฃุฎุฐ ุงู„ุนุงุจุฏ ุจูŠุฏู‡ ูู…ุถูŠุง ุฌู…ูŠุนุง ุญุชู‰ ุงู†ุชู‡ูŠุง ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุงุก ูู…ุดู‰ ูˆู…ุดู‰ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู…ุนู‡ ุญุชู‰ ุงู†ุชู‡ูŠุง ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ู†ุฒู„ู‡ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ุฃูŠ ุงู„ุฃูŠุงู… ุฃุนุธู…ุŸ ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุนุงุจุฏ: ูŠูˆู… ุงู„ุฏูŠู†ุŒ ูŠูˆู… ูŠุฏุงู† ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุจุนุถู‡ู… ู…ู† ุจุนุถุŒ ู‚ุงู„: ูู‡ู„ ู„ูƒ ุฃู† ุชุฑูุน ูŠุฏูƒ ูˆุฃุฑูุน ูŠุฏูŠ ูู†ุฏุนูˆ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ุฃู† ูŠุคู…ู†ู†ุง ู…ู† ุดุฑ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ูŠูˆู…ุŸ ูู‚ุงู„: ูˆู…ุง ุชุตู†ุน ุจุฏุนูˆุชูŠ ููˆุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฅู† ู„ูŠ ู„ุฏุนูˆุฉ ู…ู†ุฐ ุซู„ุงุซ ุณู†ูŠู† ูู…ุง ุฃุฌุจุช ููŠู‡ุง ุจุดุฆ ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ุฃูˆู„ุง ุฃุฎุจุฑูƒ ู„ุฃูŠ ุดุฆ ุงุญุชุจุณุช ุฏุนูˆุชูƒุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ุจู„ู‰ุŒ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡: ุฅู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„ ุฅุฐุง ุฃุญุจ ุนุจุฏุง ุงุญุชุจุณ ุฏุนูˆุชู‡ ู„ูŠู†ุงุฌูŠู‡ ูˆูŠุณุฃู„ู‡ ูˆูŠุทู„ุจ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ุŒ ูˆุฅุฐุง ุฃุจุบุถ ุนุจุฏุง ุนุฌู„ ู„ู‡ ุฏุนูˆุชู‡ ุฃูˆ ุฃู„ู‚ู‰ ุงู„ูŠุฃุณ ููŠ ู‚ู„ุจู‡ ู…ู†ู‡ุง. ุซู… ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡: ูˆู…ุง ูƒุงู†ุช ุฏุนูˆุชูƒุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ู…ุฑ ุจูŠ ุบู†ู… ูˆู…ุนู‡ ุบู„ุงู… ู„ู‡ ุฐุคุงุจุฉ ูู‚ู„ุช: ูŠุง ุบู„ุงู… ู„ู…ู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุบู†ู…ุŸ ูู‚ุงู„: ู„ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุฎู„ูŠู„ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู†ุŒ ูู‚ู„ุช: ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู† ูƒุงู† ู„ูƒ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ุฎู„ูŠู„ ูุฃุฑู†ูŠู‡ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู…: ูู‚ุฏ ุงุณุชุฌุงุจ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ูƒ ุฅู†ุง ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุฎู„ูŠู„ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู†ุŒ ูุนุงู†ู‚ู‡ุŒ ูู„ู…ุง ุจุนุซ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ุญู…ุฏุง ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ุฌุงุกุช ุงู„ู…ุตุงูุญุฉ


Abu Hamzah Ath-Thumali reported that Imam Al-Baqir (a.) said: “The first two people on earth who shook hands were the man with two horns (Dhu-l-Qarnain) and Abraham, the confidant (of God). Abraham received him and shook his hand and the first tree on the earth is the palm tree.” [Bihar-ul-Anwar of Al-Majlisi, Volume 12 page 78 Hadith 5]

ุนู† ุงู„ุทูˆุณูŠ ุนู† ุงู„ู…ููŠุฏ ุนู† ุงุจู† ู‚ูˆู„ูˆูŠู‡ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠู‡ ุนู† ุณุนุฏ ุนู† ุงู„ุฃุดุนุฑูŠ ุนู† ุงุจู† ุฃุจูŠ ุงู„ุฎุทุงุจ ุนู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุณู„ูŠู…ุงู† ุนู† ุงู„ุซู…ุงู„ูŠ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุฌุนูุฑ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู‚ุงู„: ุฃูˆู„ ุงุซู†ูŠู† ุชุตุงูุญุง ุนู„ู‰ ูˆุฌู‡ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ุฐูˆ ุงู„ู‚ุฑู†ูŠู† ูˆุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุงู„ุฎู„ูŠู„ุŒ ุงุณุชู‚ุจู„ู‡ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ูุตุงูุญู‡ุŒ ูˆุฃูˆู„ ุดุฌุฑุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ูˆุฌู‡ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ุงู„ู†ุฎู„ุฉ


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