At-Tusi says, that the prophet did not appoint a successor?

Question:

An Omari claimed that At-Tusi wrote in his talkhis aschafi 2/372 that the prophet did not leave a successor behind, is this true?

Answer:
Yes, Talkhis-ush-Shafi is the book of a Shiite author, Muhammad Ibn Hasan At-Tusi (โ€  1067). However, this is not on page 372 but on page 236. It is a Sunni quotation which is refuted.

Muhammad Ibn Hasan At-Tusi writes:

ูุฅู† ู‚ูŠู„:ย ูƒูŠู ุชุณุชุฏู„ูˆู† ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู‡ ุงุณุชุฎู„ูู‡ ุจุนุฏ ุงู„ูˆูุงุฉ ุจู…ุง ุฐูƒุฑุชู…ูˆู‡ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฑูˆูŠ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ูˆุงุจู„ ูˆุงู„ุญูƒูŠู… ุนู† ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุฃุจูŠ ุทุงู„ุจ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ูŠู„ ู„ู‡:ย ุฃู„ุง ุชูˆุตูŠ ู‚ุงู„:ย ู…ุง ุฃูˆุตู‰ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูุฃูˆุตูŠ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุฅู† ุฃุฑุงุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฎูŠุฑุง ูุฌู…ุนู‡ู… ุนู„ู‰ ุฎูŠุฑู‡ู… ุจุนุฏ ู†ุจูŠู‡ู… ูˆุฑูˆู‰ ุตุนุตุนุฉ ุจู† ุตูˆุญุงู† ุฃู† ุงุจู† ู…ู„ุฌู… ู„ุนู†ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ู…ุง ุถุฑุจ ุนู„ูŠุง ุฏุฎู„ู†ุง ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ูู‚ู„ู†ุง:ย ูŠุง ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุงุณุชุฎู„ู ุนู„ูŠู†ุง ู‚ุงู„:ย ู„ุง ูุฅู†ุง ุฏุฎู„ู†ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุญูŠู† ุซู‚ู„ ูู‚ู„ู†ุง:ย ูŠุง ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงุณุชุฎู„ู ุนู„ูŠู†ุง ูู‚ุงู„:ย ู„ุง ุฅู†ูŠ ุฃุฎุงู ุฃู† ุชุชูุฑู‚ูˆุง ูƒู…ุง ุชูุฑู‚ุช ุจู†ูˆ ุฅุณุฑุงุฆูŠู„ ุนู† ู‡ุงุฑูˆู† ูˆู„ูƒู† ุฅู† ูŠุนู„ู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ููŠ ู‚ู„ูˆุจูƒู… ุฎูŠุฑุง ุงุฎุชุงุฑ ู„ูƒู….ย ู‚ูŠู„ ู„ู‡:ย ุฃูˆู„ ู…ุง ู†ู‚ูˆู„ ุฅู† ู‡ุฐูŠู† ุงู„ุฎุจุฑูŠู† ูˆู…ุง ุฌุฑู‰ ู…ุฌุฑุงู‡ู…ุง ุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ุขุญุงุฏ ู„ุง ุชุนุงุฑุถ ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ู…ู‚ุทูˆุน ุนู„ู‰ ุตุญุชู‡ ูˆู…ุชูู‚ ุนู„ู‰ ู†ู‚ู„ู‡ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฏู„ู„ู†ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุซุจูˆุช ุงู„ู†ุต ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ู…ู† ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ ูˆุงู„ุณู†ุฉ ุงู„ู…ุชูู‚ ุนู„ู‰ ู†ู‚ู„ู‡ุง ูˆู„ุง ูŠุฌูˆุฒ ุฃู† ูŠุนุงุฑุถ ุฐู„ูƒ ุจู…ุซู„ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ุงู„ุถุนูŠูุฉ ุงู„ุชูŠ ูŠุฑูŠู‡ุง ู‚ูˆู… ูˆูŠุฏูุนู‡ุง ุงู„ุฃูƒุซุฑ

“Now when it is said: ‘How do you deduce by what you mentioned that he appointed him as his successor after death, while it was narrated by Abu Wabil and Al-Hakim that they said to Ali Ibn Abi Talib: “Do you not authorize?” Whereupon he said: “The Messenger of God did not authorize, so that I do authorize, but when God wanted good things, He let them agree on the best of them after their Prophet.” And Sa’sa’ah Ibn Suhan narrated that when Ibn Muljam, May God curse him, struck Ali, we went in to him and said: “O commander of the believers, appoint for us a successor.” He said: “No, for we entered to the messenger of God when he was distressed. So we said: O messenger of God, appoint us a successor.” Then he said: “No, I fear that you will be divided, as the children of Israel were divided over Aaron. But if God knows good in your hearts, He has chosen for you.” So he is replied: “First of all, we say that these two reports, and what is reproduced in the same sense as these two, are isolated (Ahad), which can do nothing against what is certain about its authenticity and about what is transmitted, and we have shown that the appointment of the commander of the believers is proven from the scripture (Qur’an) and the customs (Sunnah), which are agreed upon and it is not possible to contradict that with weak reports like these that people narrate while the majority rejects them.โ€œ [Talkhis-ush-Shafi, Volume 2, Page 236 – 237]

ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู† ููŠ ุงู„ุฎุจุฑ ุงู„ู…ุฑูˆูŠ ุนู† ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ู„ู…ุง ู‚ูŠู„ ู„ู‡:ย ุฃู„ุง ุชูˆุตูŠ ูู‚ุงู„ ู…ุง ุฃูˆุตู‰ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูุฃูˆุตูŠ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุฅู† ุงุฑุงุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุฎูŠุฑุง ุงุณุชุฌู…ุนู‡ู… ุนู„ู‰ ุฎูŠุฑู‡ู… ูƒู…ุง ุฌู…ุนู‡ู… ุจุนุฏ ู†ุจูŠู‡ู… ุนู„ู‰ ุฎูŠุฑู‡ู… ูู…ุชุถู…ู† ู„ู…ุง ูŠูƒุงุฏ ูŠุนู„ู… ุจุทู„ุงู†ู‡ ุถุฑูˆุฑุฉ ู„ุฃู† ููŠู‡ ุงู„ุชุตุฑูŠุญ ุงู„ู‚ูˆูŠ ุจูุถู„ ุฃุจูŠ ุจูƒุฑ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุฃู†ู‡ ุฎูŠุฑ ู…ู†ู‡ ูˆุงู„ุธุงู‡ุฑ ู…ู† ุฃุญูˆุงู„ ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ูˆุงู„ู…ุดู‡ูˆุฑ ู…ู† ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ู‡ ูˆุฃุญูˆุงู„ู‡ ุฌู…ู„ุฉ ูˆุชูุตูŠู„ุง ูŠู‚ุชุถูŠ ุฃู†ู‡ ูƒุงู† ูŠู‚ุฏู… ู†ูุณู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃุจูŠ ุจูƒุฑ ูˆุบูŠุฑู‡ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุจูŠู†ุงู‡ ููŠ ุจุงุจ ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุฃูุถู„ ูˆุฃู†ู‡ ู…ุง ูƒุงู† ูŠุนุชุฑู ู„ุฃุญุฏ ุจุงู„ุชู‚ุฏู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆู…ู† ุชุตูุญ ุงู„ุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ูˆุงู„ุณูŠุฑ ูˆู„ู… ุชู…ู„ ุจู‡ ุงู„ุนุตุจูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ู‡ูˆู‰ ูŠุนู„ู… ู‡ุฐุง ู…ู† ุญุงู„ู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ูˆุฌู‡ ู„ุง ูŠุฏุฎู„ ููŠู‡ ุดูƒ ูˆู„ุง ุงุนุชุจุงุฑ ุจู…ู† ุฏูุน ุฐู„ูƒ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุจูŠู† ุฃู…ุฑูŠู†:ย ุฅู…ุง ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ุนุงู…ูŠุง ู…ู‚ู„ุฏุง ู„ู… ูŠุชุตูุญ ุงู„ุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ูˆุงู„ุณูŠุฑ ูˆู…ุง ุฑูˆูŠ ู…ู† ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ู‡ ูˆุฃุญูˆุงู„ู‡ ูˆู„ู… ูŠุฎุชู„ุท ุจุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ู†ู‚ู„ ูู„ุง ูŠุนู„ู… ุฐู„ูƒ ุฃูˆ ูŠูƒูˆู† ู…ุชุฃู…ู„ุง ู…ุชุตูุญุง ุฅู„ุง ุฃู† ุงู„ุนุตูŠุฉ ู‚ุฏ ุงุณุชูˆู„ุช ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุงู„ู‡ูˆู‰ ู‚ุฏ ู…ู„ูƒู‡ ูˆุงุณุชุฑู‚ู‡ ูู‡ูˆ ูŠุฏูุน ุฐู„ูƒ ุนู†ุงุฏุง ูˆุฅู„ุง ูุงู„ุดุจู‡ุฉ ู…ุน ุงู„ุฅู†ุตุงู ููŠ ู‡ุฐุง ุฒุงุฆู„ุฉ

“Whereby for the report, which was narrated by the commander of the believers (a.), that when one said to him: “Do you not authorize”, whereby he said: “The messenger of God did not authorize, so that I do authorize, but if God wanted good things, he let them agree on the best of them, as they agreed on the best of them after their prophets” little is missing in terms of content to necessarily recognize its falseness, for in it the advantage of Abu Bakr over him is very clear, and that he is better than him, and the apparent from the stances of the commander of the believers (a. ) and the widespread spread of his statements and positions shows by large and whole, that he considered himself better than Abu Bakr and others besides him, and we have made it clear in the chapter that he is more excellent and that he conceded to no one, to be better than him, and he who fathomed the reports and histories and who was not overcome by fanaticism and lust,he recognized this by his position and in a manner that leaves no doubt about it, and no attention is to be paid to him who rejects this, for he stands between two things: Either he is an imitating layman who has not fathomed the reports and histories and what has been narrated of his statements and positions and has not had dealings with the traditionalists, so that he does not recognize this, or he is an investigative thinker, but fanaticism has gained the upper hand over him and lust has dominated him and taken possession of him, and if not, the wrong conclusion about it is temporary if one is just.” [Talkhis-ush-Shafi, Volume 2, Page 237]

ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู† ู‡ุฐุง ู„ุง ูŠุฌูˆุฒ ุฃู† ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ู…ู† ุฏู„ ุงู„ุฏู„ูŠู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู‡ ุฃูุถู„ ุจุงู„ุฃุฏู„ุฉ ุงู„ูˆุงุถุญุฉ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุขู…ู†ู†ุง ู…ู† ุฃุฎุจุงุฑู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุฎู„ุงู ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ุจู‡ ุนุตู…ุชู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุฅู„ุง ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ู‚ุงู„ ุฐู„ูƒ ุนู„ู‰ ูˆุฌู‡ ุงู„ุชู‚ูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุตู„ุงุญ ูุฅู† ูƒุงู† ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ูู„ุง ุญุฌุฉ ููŠ ุงู„ุฎุจุฑ ุนู„ู‰ ูˆุฌู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ู…ุนุงุฑุถุฉ ุจู…ุง ุฑูˆุงู‡ุง ุงู„ุดูŠุนุฉ ู…ู† ุฌู‡ุงุช ู…ุฎุชู„ูุฉ ูˆุทุฑู‚ ู…ุชุจุงูŠู†ุฉ ุจุฃู†ู‡ ูˆุตู‰ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงุจู†ู‡ ุงู„ุญุณู† ูˆุฃุดุงุฑ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุงุณุชุฎู„ูู‡ ูˆุฃุฑุดุฏ ุฅู„ู‰ ุทุงุนุชู‡ ู…ู† ุจุนุฏู‡ ูˆู‡ูŠ ุฃูƒุซุฑ ู…ู† ุฃู† ุชุญุตู‰

“Whereby it is out of the question for the one to whom clear indications have been given that he is more excellent, and he assured us from his reports against what is in conflict with his infallibility.Unless he said this in the form of caution (Taqiyyah) and the circumstance made it necessary. If this is the case, then there is absolutely no argument in the report, although these reports contradict what the Shiites have reported through different directions and different ways, namely that he authorized his son Hasan (a.), named him, appointed him as his successor and drew attention to the obedience to him after him, and they are more than you can count.” [Talkhis-ush-Shafi, Volume 2, Page 237]

ู…ู†ู‡ุง ู…ุง ุฑูˆุงู‡ ุฃุจูˆ ุงู„ุฌุงุฑูˆุฏ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุฌุนูุฑ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุฃู† ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ู„ู…ุง ุฃุญุถุฑู‡ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุญุถุฑู‡ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ุงุจู†ู‡ ุงู„ุญุณู†:ย ุงุฏู† ู…ู†ูŠ ุญุชู‰ ุฃุณุฑ ุฅู„ูŠูƒ ู…ุง ุฃุณุฑ ุฅู„ูŠ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุงุฆุชู…ู†ูƒ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุง ุงุฆุชู…ู†ู†ูŠ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุฑูˆู‰ ุญู…ุงุฏ ุจู† ุนูŠุณู‰ ุนู† ุนู…ุฑูˆ ุจู† ุดู…ุฑ ุนู† ุฌุงุจุฑ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุฌุนูุฑ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„:ย ุฃูˆุตู‰ ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุญุณู† ูˆุฃุดู‡ุฏ ุนู„ู‰ ูˆุตูŠุชู‡ ุงู„ุญุณูŠู† ูˆู…ุญู…ุฏุง ุนู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูˆุฌู…ูŠุน ูˆู„ุฏู‡ ูˆุฑุคุณุงุก ุดูŠุนุชู‡ ูˆุฃู‡ู„ ุจูŠุชู‡ ุซู… ุฏูุน ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ูƒุชุจ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ุงุญ ููŠ ุฎุจุฑ ุทูˆูŠู„ ูŠุชุถู…ู† ุงู„ุฃู…ุฑ ุจุงู„ูˆุตูŠุฉ ููŠ ูˆุงุญุฏ ุจุนุฏ ูˆุงุญุฏ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃุจูŠ ุฌุนูุฑ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุงู„ุญุณูŠู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ู… ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูˆุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ูˆุตูŠุฉ ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุญุณู† ู…ุดู‡ูˆุฑุฉ ู…ุนุฑูˆูุฉ ููŠ ูƒุชุจ ุงู„ุดูŠุนุฉ ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ูŠุฏู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุจุทู„ุงู† ุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ุงู„ุขุญุงุฏ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุนุงุฑุถูˆู†ุง ุจู‡ุง

“One of them is what Abu l-Jarud narrated from Abu Ja’far (Al-Baqir), namely, that when death approached the commanders of the believers (a.), he said to his son Hasan (a.): “Approach me so that I may tell you in confidence what the Messenger of God (s.) has told me in confidence and I will entrust you with what he has entrusted me with.” And Hammad Ibn Isa and Amr Ibn Shimr narrated from Jabir that Abu Ja’far (Al-Baqir) said: “The commander of the believers (a.) authorized Hasan (a.) and he made Husain, Muhammad, all his children, the heads of his followers and people of his house to be witnesses for his authority. Then he handed over the writings and the weapon to him.” In a long report, which contains the order of authority for one by one up to Abu Ja’far, Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn Husain (Al-Baqir), and the reports of the authorization from the Commander of the Believers (a.) for Hasan (a.) are widely spread and known in the writings of the Shiites and this shows the falseness of the isolated (Ahad) reports with which they objected to us.” [Talkhis-ush-Shafi, Volume 2, Page 238]

 

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