Calling the Imam by his name?

Question:

Is it permissible to call the Imam (a.) by name before his appearance?

Response:

Dawud ibn Al-Qasim reported that Imam Al-Hadi (a.) said: “The successor after me is Al-Hasan, but what will be your situation concerning the successor after the successor?” I said: “Why? May God sacrifice my life for you!” He said: “Because you will not see his appearance and you will not be allowed to mention his name.” I said: “How do we mention him?” He said: “Say: “The proof from the family of Muhammad (s.).” [Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il by Al-Mirza An-Nuri, Volume 12 page 281 – 282]

ุงู„ุดูŠุฎ ุงู„ุทูˆุณูŠ ููŠ ูƒุชุงุจ ุงู„ุบูŠุจุฉ: ุจุฅุณู†ุงุฏู‡ ุนู† ุณุนุฏ ุจู† ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ุนู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุฃุญู…ุฏ ุงู„ุนู„ูˆูŠุŒ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ู‡ุงุดู… ุฏุงูˆุฏ ุจู† ุงู„ู‚ุงุณู… ุงู„ุฌุนูุฑูŠ ู‚ุงู„: ุณู…ุนุช ุฃุจุง ุงู„ุญุณู† ุงู„ุนุณูƒุฑูŠ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูŠู‚ูˆู„: ุงู„ุฎู„ู ู…ู† ุจุนุฏูŠ ุงู„ุญุณู†ุŒ ููƒูŠู ู„ูƒู… ุจุงู„ุฎู„ู ู…ู† ุจุนุฏ ุงู„ุฎู„ูุŸ ูู‚ู„ุช: ูˆู„ู… ุฌุนู„ู†ูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูุฏุงูƒุŸ ูู‚ุงู„: ู„ุฃู†ูƒู… ู„ุง ุชุฑูˆู† ุดุฎุตู‡ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ูŠุญู„ ู„ูƒู… ุฐูƒุฑู‡ ุจุงุณู…ู‡ ูู‚ู„ุช: ููƒูŠู ู†ุฐูƒุฑู‡ุŸ ูู‚ุงู„: ู‚ูˆู„ูˆุง: ุงู„ุญุฌุฉ ู…ู† ุขู„ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุนู„ูŠู‡ู… ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…

Rayyan Ibn As-Salt reported that Imam Ar-Rida (a.) said: “The Riser (Qa’im) and Rightly guided (Mahdi) is the son of my son Al-Hasan (a.). Neither will anyone see his body nor will anyone call him by his name after his concealment until he is seen and makes his name public, after which all the creation will call him by his name.” We said to him: “O our master and when we say Owner of the Concealment, Lord of the Time and Rightly guided (Mahdi)?” He said: “All of these are absolutely permitted, for you have been forbidden only the explicit mention of His name, which is concealed from our enemies so that they do not know it.” [Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il of Al-Mirza An-Nuri, Volume 12 page 285 – 286]

ูˆุนู† ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ุงู„ุญุณู† ุจู† ูุถุงู„ุŒ ุนู† ุงู„ุฑูŠุงู† ุจู† ุงู„ุตู„ุช ู‚ุงู„: ุณู…ุนุช ุงู„ุฑุถุง ุนู„ูŠ ุจู† ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุนู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูŠู‚ูˆู„: ุงู„ู‚ุงุฆู… ุงู„ู…ู‡ุฏูŠ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…ุŒ ุงุจู† ุงุจู†ูŠ ุงู„ุญุณู†ุŒ ู„ุง ูŠุฑู‰ ุฌุณู…ู‡ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ูŠุณู…ู‰ ุจุงุณู…ู‡ ุจุนุฏ ุบูŠุจุชู‡ ุฃุญุฏ ุญุชู‰ ูŠุฑุงู‡ ูˆูŠุนู„ู† ุจุงุณู…ู‡ ูู„ูŠุณู…ู‡ ูƒู„ ุงู„ุฎู„ู‚ ูู‚ู„ู†ุง ู„ู‡: ูŠุง ุณูŠุฏู†ุงุŒ ูุงู† ู‚ู„ู†ุง: ุตุงุญุจ ุงู„ุบูŠุจุฉุŒ ูˆุตุงุญุจ ุงู„ุฒู…ุงู†ุŒ ูˆุงู„ู…ู‡ุฏูŠุŒ ู‚ุงู„: ู‡ูˆ ูƒู„ู‡ ุฌุงุฆุฒ ู…ุทู„ู‚ุงุŒ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ู†ู‡ูŠุชูƒู… ุนู† ุงู„ุชุตุฑูŠุญ ุจุงุณู…ู‡ ุงู„ุฎููŠ ุนู† ุฃุนุฏุงุฆู†ุงุŒ ูู„ุง ูŠุนุฑููˆู‡

Al-Fadl ibn Shadhan reported that Ibrahim ibn Muhammad said: “When the captain Amr ibn Awf wanted to murder me, which was a strict man and was content with the murdering of the followers (of the Imams), I came to know about it and fell into a great fear. I said farewell to my family and those whom I loved and made my way to the house of the father of Muhammad (a.) to say farewell to him as well, intending to flee. Now when I entered his house, I saw a boy sitting by his side with his face shining like the moon on a full moon night. I became confused at his light and glow and thought to forget what fear and fleeing was to me, whereupon he said: “O Ibrahim, do not flee, for God is sufficient for you concerning the evil thereof.” Thereupon my confusion increased and I said to the father of Muhammad (a.): “O my master, may God sacrifice my life for you, who is this who informed me of what I held within?”He said: “He is my son and my successor after me. It is he who goes into hiding for a long time and appears after the earth is overshadowed by tyranny and injustice, after which he fills it with justice and righteousness.” I asked him about his name and he said: “The Messenger (s.) gave him his name and nickname and it is not permissible for anyone to call him by his name and nickname until God establishes his kingdom and rule. So conceal, O Ibrahim, what you have heard from us today except from those who are his followers!” Thereupon I prayed for them and their fathers (a.) and went out with the grace of God remembering and trusting in what I heard from the Master (a.).” [Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il of Al-Mirza An-Nuri, Volume 12 page 281]

ูˆู‚ุงู„ (ุงู„ูุถู„ ุจู† ุดุงุฐุงู†): ุญุฏุซู†ุง ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ุจู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ูุงุฑุณ ุงู„ู†ูŠุณุงุจูˆุฑูŠ ู‚ุงู„: ู„ู…ุง ู‡ู… ุงู„ูˆุงู„ูŠ ุนู…ุฑูˆ ุจู† ุนูˆู ุจู‚ุชู„ูŠุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุฑุฌู„ ุดุฏูŠุฏ ูˆูƒุงู† ู…ูˆู„ุนุง ุจู‚ุชู„ ุงู„ุดูŠุนุฉุŒ ูุฃุฎุจุฑุช ุจุฐู„ูƒ ูˆุบู„ุจ ุนู„ูŠ ุฎูˆู ุนุธูŠู…ุŒ ููˆุฏุนุช ุฃู‡ู„ูŠ ูˆุฃุญุจุงุฆูŠ ูˆุชูˆุฌู‡ุช ุฅู„ู‰ ุฏุงุฑ ุฃุจูŠ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู„ุฃูˆุฏุนู‡ุŒ ูˆูƒู†ุช ุฃุฑุฏุช ุงู„ู‡ุฑุจุŒ ูู„ู…ุง ุฏุฎู„ุช ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุฑุฃูŠุช ุบู„ุงู…ุง ุฌุงู„ุณุง ููŠ ุฌู†ุจู‡ ูƒุงู† ูˆุฌู‡ู‡ ู…ุถูŠุฆุง ูƒุงู„ู‚ู…ุฑ ู„ูŠู„ุฉ ุงู„ุจุฏุฑุŒ ูุชุญูŠุฑุช ู…ู† ู†ูˆุฑู‡ ูˆุถูŠุงุฆู‡ุŒ ูˆูƒุงุฏ ุฃู† ุฃู†ุณู‰ ู…ุง ูƒู†ุช ููŠู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฎูˆู ูˆุงู„ู‡ุฑุจุŒ ูู‚ุงู„: ูŠุง ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู…ุŒ ู„ุง ุชู‡ุฑุจ ูุงู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุจุงุฑูƒ ูˆุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุณูŠูƒููŠูƒ ุดุฑู‡ ูุงุฒุฏุงุฏ ุชุญูŠุฑูŠุŒ ูู‚ู„ุช ู„ุฃุจูŠ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…: ูŠุง ุณูŠุฏูŠ ุฌุนู„ู†ูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูุฏุงูƒ ู…ู† ู‡ูˆ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฃุฎุจุฑู†ูŠ ุจู…ุง ูƒุงู† ููŠ ุถู…ูŠุฑูŠ!ุŸ ูู‚ุงู„: ู‡ูˆ ุงุจู†ูŠุŒ ูˆุฎู„ูŠูุชูŠ ู…ู† ุจุนุฏูŠ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠุบูŠุจ ุบูŠุจุฉ ุทูˆูŠู„ุฉุŒ ูˆูŠุธู‡ุฑ ุจุนุฏ ุงู…ุชู„ุงุก ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ุฌูˆุฑุง ูˆุธู„ู…ุงุŒ ููŠู…ู„ุงู‡ุง ู‚ุณุทุง ูˆุนุฏู„ุง ูุณุฃู„ุชู‡ ุนู† ุงุณู…ู‡ุŒ ูู‚ุงู„: ู‡ูˆ ุณู…ูŠ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ูˆูƒู†ูŠู‡ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ูŠุญู„ ู„ุงุญุฏ ุงู† ูŠุณู…ูŠู‡ ุฃูˆ ูŠูƒู†ูŠู‡ ุจูƒู†ูŠุชู‡ุŒ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู† ูŠุธู‡ุฑ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฏูˆู„ุชู‡ ูˆุณู„ุทู†ุชู‡ุŒ ูุงูƒุชู… ูŠุง ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… ู…ุง ุฑุฃูŠุช ูˆุณู…ุนุช ู…ู†ุง ุงู„ูŠูˆู… ุฅู„ุง ุนู† ุฃู‡ู„ู‡ ูุตู„ูŠุช ุนู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ูˆุขุจุงุฆู‡ู…ุงุŒ ูˆุฎุฑุฌุช ู…ุณุชุธู‡ุฑุง ุจูุถู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ุŒ ูˆุงุซู‚ุง ุจู…ุง ุณู…ุนุช ู…ู† ุงู„ุตุงุญุจ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…

Jabir Al-Ju’fi reported that Imam Al-Baqir (a.) said: “Umar Ibn Al-Khattab said to the Commander of the Believers (a.): “Tell me about the Rightly Guided (Mahdi), what is his name?” He said: “As for his name, Prophet Muhammad (s.) instructed me, not to convey it until God raises him up.” [Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il by Al-Mirza An-Nuri, Volume 12 page 286]

ุงู„ุดูŠุฎ ุงู„ุทุจุฑุณูŠ ููŠ ุฅุนู„ุงู… ุงู„ูˆุฑู‰: ุนู† ุนู…ุฑูˆ ุจู† ุดู…ุฑุŒ ุนู† ุฌุงุจุฑ ุงู„ุฌุนููŠ ู‚ุงู„: ุณู…ุนุช ุฃุจุง ุฌุนูุฑ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู…ุŒ ูŠู‚ูˆู„: ุณุฃู„ ุนู…ุฑ ุจู† ุงู„ุฎุทุงุจุŒ ุฃู…ูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูู‚ุงู„: ุฃุฎุจุฑู†ูŠ ุนู† ุงู„ู…ู‡ุฏูŠุŒ ู…ุง ุงุณู…ู‡ุŸ ูู‚ุงู„: ุงู…ุง ุงุณู…ู‡ ูุงู† ุญุจูŠุจูŠ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ุŒ ุนู‡ุฏ ุฅู„ูŠ ุฃู† ู„ุง ุฃุญุฏุซ ุจู‡ ุญุชู‰ ูŠุจุนุซู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡

Hudhaifah reported that Prophet Muhammad (s.) said about Imam Al-Mahdi (a.): “He is the one, whom no one calls by his name in public before his rising, except someone who disbelieves in him.” [Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il by Al-Mirza An-Nuri, Volume 12 page 285]

ูˆุนู† ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุจู† ุฒูŠุฏุŒ ุนู† ุนุจุงุฏ ุงู„ุฃุณุฏูŠุŒ ุนู† ุงู„ุญุณู† ุจู† ุญู…ุงุฏุŒ ุนู† ุนุจุงุฏ ุจู† ุฑุจูŠุนุฉุŒ ุนู† ุญุฐูŠูุฉ ุจู† ุงู„ูŠู…ุงู†ุŒ ุนู† ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ ููŠ ุฎุจุฑ ููŠ ุตูุฉ ุงู„ู…ู‡ุฏูŠ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู‚ุงู„: ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ู„ุง ูŠุณู…ูŠู‡ ุจุงุณู…ู‡ ุธุงู‡ุฑุง ู‚ุจู„ ู‚ูŠุงู…ู‡ ุงู„ุง ูƒุงูุฑ ุจู‡

Hudhaifah reported, that Prophet Muhammad (s.) said: “The Lord of the sons of Al-Abbas is killed by a man of my progeny, whose name is not mentioned by anyone except an disbeliever.” [Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il by Al-Mirza An-Nuri, Volume 12 page 284]

ูˆุนู†ู‡ุŒ ุนู† ุนุจุงุฏ ุจู† ูŠุนู‚ูˆุจ ุงู„ุฃุณุฏูŠุŒ ุนู† ุงู„ุญุณู† ุจู† ุญู…ุงุฏุŒ ุนู† ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู† ู„ู‡ูŠุนุฉุŒ ุนู† ุญุฐูŠูุฉ ุจู† ุงู„ูŠู…ุงู† ู‚ุงู„: ุณู…ุนุช ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡ุŒ ูŠู‚ูˆู„: ุตุงุญุจ ุจู†ูŠ ุงู„ุนุจุงุณ ูŠู‚ุชู„ู‡ ุฑุฌู„ ู…ู† ูˆู„ุฏูŠุŒ ู„ุง ูŠุณู…ูŠู‡ ุจุงุณู…ู‡ ุงู„ุง ูƒุงูุฑ

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