The fourth of the successors

Question:

An innovator made the claim, that Imam Ali (a.) designated himself as the fourth successor after Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman and cursed those who disagreed. The source cited was the 2nd volume of As-Sirat-ul-Mustaqim on page 45 and Al-Manaqib by Ibn Shahr Ashub. Is this the actual statement of the Commander of the Faithful (a.)?

Response:

The servant of Umar has lied

Ibn Jabr reported, that Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (a.) said: ,,On the Day of Resurrection, a caller will say: ,,Where is the successor appointed by God for His earth?” Thereupon David (a.) will rise, but he will be told: ,,You are not the one, We mean, even though God appointed you as the successor.” Thereupon, the Commander of the Faithful (a.) rises and the caller says: ,,O you creatures, this is Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the successor appointed by God for His earth and His proof for His servants. Whoever held on to His rope in this life, will hold on to His rope today, so that His light will illuminate him and he will follow Him to the Garden of Paradise.” Ali (a.) said: ,,Whoever does not say, that I am the fourth of the successors, God curses him!” Thereupon he named Adam, David and Moses (a.).” Ash-Shirazi reported, that Alqamah Ibn Al-Aswad said: ,,God emphasized the successorship of three persons: Adam: ,,It is I, Who appoint a successor on the earth.” (2:30) David: ,,We have appointed you as a successor on the earth.” (38:26) Ali Ibn Abi Talib: ,,God has promised those of you, who believe and do good deeds, that He will appoint them as successors on the earth, just as He appointed those who lived before them as successors.” (24:55) [As-Sirat-ul-Mustaqim by Ali Ibn Yunus Al-Amili, Volume 2 page 47]

أسند ابن جبر في نخبه عن الصادق عليه السلام قال: إذا كان يوم القيامة نودي أين خليفة الله في أرضه؟ فيقوم داود فيقال له: لسنا إياك أردنا، وإن كنت لله خليفة فيقوم أمير المؤمنين فيأتي النداء: يا معشر الخلائق، هذا علي بن أبي طالب خليفة الله في أرضه، وحجته على عباده، فمن تعلق بحبله في الدنيا فليتعلق بحبله اليوم فيستضئ بنوره ويتبعه إلى الجنة. وأسند أيضا في الكتاب المذكور أن عليا قال: من لم يقل: إني رابع الخلفاء فعليه لعنة الله، ثم ذكر عليه السلام آدم، وداود، وموسى عليهم السلام وأسند الشيرازي إلى علقمة بن الأسود: وقعت الخلافة من الله لثلاثة: آدم: إني جاعل في الأرض خليفة داود إنا جعلناك خليفة في الأرض علي بن أبي طالب وعد الله الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات ليستخلفنهم في الأرض

Muhammad Ibn Ali reported, that Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud said: ,,The successors are four: Adam: ,,It is I, Who appoint a successor on the earth.” (2:30) David: ,,O David, We have appointed you as a successor on the earth.” (38:26) By which is meant Jerusalem. Aaron: ,,Moses said: Be my successor among my people.” (7:142) Ali: ,,God has promised those of you, who believe and do good deeds, that He will appoint them as successors on the earth, just as He appointed those who lived before them as successors.” By which Adam, David and Aaron (a.) are meant: ,,That He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them” By which the complete submission (Islam) is meant: ,,And that He will grant them, after they have lived in fear, the security.” By which is meant the people of Mecca: ,,They serve Me and associate nothing with Me. Those who disbelieve hereafter.” By which is meant the rejection of the guardianship of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.): ,,These are the (true) wrongdoers.” (24:55) By which is meant those who persist in disobedience to God and His Messenger (s.). The Commander of the Faithful (a.) said: ,,Whoever does not say, that I am the Fourth of the Successors, God curse him!” [Manaqib Al Abi Talib by Ibn Shahr Ashub, Volume 2 page 261 – 262]

عن محمد بن علي بن شهر رضي الله عنه قال: قال عبد الله بن مسعود: الخلفاء أربعة. آدم اني جاعل في الأرض خليفة، وداود يا داود انا جعلناك خليفة في الأرض يعني بيت المقدس. وهارون قال موسى: اخلفني في قومي، وعلي وعد الله الذين آمنوا منكم وعملوا الصالحات يعني عليا ليستخلفهم في الأرض كما استخلفت الذين من قبلهم آدم وداود وهارون وليمكنن لهم دينهم الذي ارتضى لهم يعني الاسلام وليبدلنهم من بعد خوفهم أمنا يعني أهل مكة يعبدونني لا يشركون بي شيئا، ومن كفر بعد ذلك بولاية علي بن أبي طالب فأولئك هم الفاسقون يعني العاصين لله ولرسوله. وقال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام من لم يقل اني رابع الخلفاء فعليه لعنة الله

Al-Husain (a.) reported, that Imam Ali (a.) said: ,,Whoever does not say that I am the fourth of the successors, God curse him!” Al-Hasan ibn Zaid reported, that he said to Ja’far ibn Muhammad As-Sadiq (a.): ,,You are narrating something other than this. Will you not deny it?” He said: ,,Yes, it is so. God clearly says in His Book: ,,And when your Lord said to the angels: ,,It is I, Who appoint a successor on the earth.” (2:30) Therefore, Adam (a.) was the first successor whom God appointed: ,,O David, We have appointed you as a successor on the earth.” (38:26) Therefore, David (a.) was the second successor whom God appointed. Aaron is the successor of Moses (a.) and Ali is the successor of Muhammad (s.). So why should it not be said, that he is the fourth of the four successors?” [Ghaiat-ul-Maram by Hashim Al-Bahrani, Volume 1 page 236 Hadith 19]

أبو الحسن الفقيه ابن شاذان، عن علي بن الحسين، عن أبيه، قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام: من لم يقل إني رابع الخلفاء الأربعة فعليه لعنة الله قال الحسن بن زيد، فقلت لجعفر بن محمد: قد رويتم غير هذا فإنكم لا تكذبون؟ قال: نعم، قال الله في محكم كتابه وإذ قال ربك للملائكة إني جاعل في الأرض خليفة فكان آدم أول خليفة الله ويا داود إنا جعلناك خليفة في الأرض وكان داود الثاني، وهارون خليفة موسى، وهو خليفة محمد فلم لم يقل أنه رابع الخلفاء الأربعة

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