Al-Mufid opposes As-Saduq and attacks him

Muhammad ibn Ali As-Saduq writes:

ุงุนุชู‚ุงุฏู†ุง ููŠ ุงู„ู†ููˆุณ ุฃู†ู‡ุง ู‡ูŠ ุงู„ุฃุฑูˆุงุญ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุจู‡ุง ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ูˆุฃู†ู‡ุง ุงู„ุฎู„ู‚ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ู„ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡
:ย ุฅู† ุฃูˆู„ ู…ุง ุฃุจุฏุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุณุจุญุงู†ู‡ ูˆุชุนุงู„ู‰ ู‡ูŠ ุงู„ู†ููˆุณ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุณุฉ ุงู„ู…ุทู‡ุฑุฉ ูุฃู†ุทู‚ู‡ุง ุจุชูˆุญูŠุฏู‡ ุซู… ุฎู„ู‚ ุจุนุฏ ุฐู„ูƒ ุณุงุฆุฑ ุฎู„ู‚ู‡ ูˆุงุนุชู‚ุงุฏู†ุง ููŠู‡ุง ุฃู†ู‡ุง ุฎู„ู‚ุช ู„ู„ุจู‚ุงุก ูˆู„ู… ุชุฎู„ู‚ ู„ู„ูู†ุงุก ู„ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุขู„ู‡:ย ู…ุง ุฎู„ู‚ุชู… ู„ู„ูู†ุงุก ุจู„ ุฎู„ู‚ุชู… ู„ู„ุจู‚ุงุก ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ุชู†ู‚ู„ูˆู† ู…ู† ุฏุงุฑ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฏุงุฑ ูˆุฃู†ู‡ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ุบุฑูŠุจุฉ ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏุงู† ู…ุณุฌูˆู†ุฉ ูˆุงุนุชู‚ุฏู†ุง ููŠู‡ุง ุฃู†ู‡ุง ุฅุฐุง ูุงุฑู‚ุช ุงู„ุฃุจุฏุงู† ูู‡ูŠ ุจุงู‚ูŠุฉ ู…ู†ู‡ุง ู…ู†ุนู…ุฉ ูˆู…ู†ู‡ุง ู…ุนุฐุจุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู† ูŠุฑุฏู‡ุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุจู‚ุฏุฑุชู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃุจุฏุงู†ู‡ุง ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุนูŠุณู‰ ุจู† ู…ุฑูŠู… ู„ู„ุญูˆุงุฑูŠูŠู†:ย ุจุญู‚ ุฃู‚ูˆู„ ู„ูƒู… ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠุตุนุฏ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุณู…ุงุก ุฅู„ุง ู…ุง ู†ุฒู„ ู…ู†ู‡ุง

,,Our belief about the souls is that, they are the spirits, through which life exists and that they are the first creation. Based on the saying of the Prophet (s.): ๏ดพThe first thing that God brought forth was the holy pure souls. Thus, He made them manifest His oneness. After this, He then created the rest of His creatures.๏ดฟ And our belief about them is that they were created to last and they were not created to perish. Based on the saying of the Prophet (s.): ๏ดพYou were not created to perish, but you were created to last and you merely change from one place to another place.๏ดฟ And that they are remote on the earth and held in the bodies and we believe that when they depart from the bodies, they are everlasting.Of them there are those, who prosper and those, who are punished, until God returns them to their bodies by His power and Jesus, the son of Mary (a.), said: ๏ดพNothing ascends to heaven, except that, which came down from it.๏ดฟ” [Al-I’tiqadat, page 47]

Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Al-Mufid writes:

ูˆุงู„ุฐูŠ ุตุฑุญ ุจู‡ ุฃุจูˆ ุฌุนูุฑ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ููŠ ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ูˆุงู„ู†ูุณ ู‡ูˆ ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ุชู†ุงุณุฎูŠุฉ ุจุนูŠู†ู‡ ู…ู† ุบูŠุฑ ุฃู† ูŠุนู„ู… ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ู… ูุงู„ุฌู†ุงูŠุฉ ุจุฐู„ูƒ ุนู„ู‰ ู†ูุณู‡ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ุบูŠุฑู‡ ุนุธูŠู…ุฉ ูุฃู…ุง ู…ุง ุฐูƒุฑู‡ ู…ู† ุฃู† ุงู„ุฃู†ูุณ ุจุงู‚ูŠุฉ ูุนุจุงุฑุฉ ู…ุฐู…ูˆู…ุฉ ูˆู„ูุธ ูŠุถุงุฏ ุฃู„ูุงุธ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰:ย ูƒู„ ู…ู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ูุงู† ูˆูŠุจู‚ู‰ ูˆุฌู‡ ุฑุจูƒ ุฐูˆ ุงู„ุฌู„ุงู„ ูˆุงู„ุงูƒุฑุงู… ูˆุงู„ุฐูŠ ุญูƒุงู‡ ู…ู† ุฐู„ูƒ ูˆุชูˆู‡ู…ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ู…ุฐู‡ุจ ูƒุซูŠุฑ ู…ู† ุงู„ูู„ุงุณูุฉ ุงู„ู…ู„ุญุฏูŠู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุฒุนู…ูˆุง ุฃู† ุงู„ุฃู†ูุณ ู„ุง ูŠู„ุญู‚ู‡ุง ุงู„ูƒูˆู† ูˆุงู„ูุณุงุฏ ูˆุฃู†ู‡ุง ุจุงู‚ูŠุฉ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ุชูู†ู‰ ูˆุชูุณุฏ ุงู„ุฃุฌุณุงู… ุงู„ู…ุฑูƒุจุฉ ูˆุฅู„ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ุฐู‡ุจ ุจุนุถ ุฃุตุญุงุจ ุงู„ุชู†ุงุณุฎ ูˆุฒุนู…ูˆุง ุฃู† ุงู„ุฃู†ูุณ ู„ู… ุชุฒู„ ุชุชูƒุฑุฑ ููŠ ุงู„ุตูˆุฑ ูˆุงู„ู‡ูŠุงูƒู„ ู„ู… ุชุญุฏุซ ูˆู„ู… ุชูู† ูˆู„ู† ุชุนุฏู… ูˆุฃู†ู‡ุง ุจุงู‚ูŠุฉ ุบูŠุฑ ูุงู†ูŠุฉุŒ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ู…ู† ุฃุฎุจุซ ู‚ูˆู„ ูˆุฃุจุนุฏู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุตูˆุงุจ ูˆุจู…ุง ุฏูˆู†ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุดู†ุงุนุฉ ูˆุงู„ูุณุงุฏ ุดู†ุน ุจู‡ ุงู„ู†ุงุตุจุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุดูŠุนุฉ ูˆู†ุณุจูˆู‡ู… ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฒู†ุฏู‚ุฉ ูˆู„ูˆ ุนุฑู ู…ุซุจุชู‡ ู…ุง ููŠู‡ ู„ู…ุง ุชุนุฑุถ ู„ู‡ ู„ูƒู† ุฃุตุญุงุจู†ุง ุงู„ู…ุชุนู„ู‚ูŠู† ุจุงู„ุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ุฃุตุญุงุจ ุณู„ุงู…ุฉ ูˆุจุนุฏ ุฐู‡ู† ูˆู‚ู„ุฉ ูุทู†ุฉ ูŠู…ุฑูˆู† ุนู„ู‰ ูˆุฌูˆู‡ู‡ู… ููŠู…ุง ุณู…ุนูˆู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃุญุงุฏูŠุซ ูˆู„ุง ูŠู†ุธุฑูˆู† ููŠ ุณู†ุฏู‡ุง ูˆู„ุง ูŠูุฑู‚ูˆู† ุจูŠู† ุญู‚ู‡ุง ูˆุจุงุทู„ู‡ุง ูˆู„ุง ูŠูู‡ู…ูˆู† ู…ุง ูŠุฏุฎู„ ุนู„ูŠู‡ู… ููŠ ุฅุซุจุงุชู‡ุง ูˆู„ุง ูŠุญุตู„ูˆู† ู…ุนุงู†ูŠ ู…ุง ูŠุทู„ู‚ูˆู†ู‡ ู…ู†ู‡ุง

,,That, what Abu Ja’far (As-Saduq), may God have mercy on him, stated about the meaning of spirit and soul, is exactly the teaching of the supporters of reincarnation (Tanasukh), without realizing that it is their teaching. So the offense against himself and against others is monstrous. As for what he mentioned, namely that souls are everlasting, this is a reprehensible way of speaking and a wording that contradicts the wording of the Qur’an. God said: ๏ดพEveryone, who is on it, is perishable and the face of your Lord lasts forever. The holder of majesty and honor.๏ดฟ (55:26-27) And that, which he narrated and imagined, is the doctrine of numerous heretical philosophers, who claimed, that the souls do not possess existence and decomposition and that they are everlasting and only the composite bodies perish and decompose and in this some proponents of transmigration believed and they claimed, that the souls are repeated unceasingly in the forms and shells. They were not produced, did not perish and will not disappear and that they are everlasting.and are immortal and that is an evil doctrine and even more remote from the correctness and with that, which is under it in abomination and depravity, the enemies (Nasib) reviled the Shiites and attributed it to the heretics and would the one affirming of it realize, what is contained in it, then he would not turn to it, but our companions, who are attached to the traditions, are companions of gullibility, mindless and low in reasoning. They pass on their faces, in what they heard from the sayings and they do not pay attention to their backing and they do not distinguish between their right and wrong and they do not comprehend, what is coming to them in their statement and they do not arrive at the meanings of that, which they are detaching from them.” [Tas’hih-ul-I’tiqadat, page 87 – 88]

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